A Joint Border Post (JBP) is a multimodal logistics platform built on an extraterritorial site located at the border of two countries. All inspection services and administrations of two border countries are grouped together in order to facilitate, simplify and streamline border crossing procedures between countries. It integrates administrative and road infrastructure as well as up-to-date equipment.
Extraterritoriality is a principle of international public law which means that a country allows the authority and activities of a foreign country or international organization to be exercised on part of its own territory. JBPs located on an extraterritorial site grant the right to authorities of the neighbouring country to carry out their activities on an equal footing with those of the country of location and in accordance with the laws in force in each country.
The administrations of the two border countries, gathered on the same site, along with the Concessionaire's teams based at the Joint Border Post, carry out the following tasks:
- Joint and harmonized inspection operations (customs, police, immigration, plant health, etc.)
- Traffic regulation and support to users, for easy access to the different areas of the JBP
- Checking and weighing of cargo shipments
- Interconnection of customs IT systems to simplify and accelerate transit formalities
- General border control police
- Immigration police
- Health inspection
- Water and forestry
- Military police (gendarmerie)
- Veterinary inspection
- Animal health inspection
- Plant health inspection